Lecture by the Karl Deutsch Award winner 2016: Prof. Rein Taagepera (Estonia)
"Science Walks on Two Legs, but Social Sciences Try to Hop on One"
walks on two legs. One leg deals with the question: How things are?
This leads to careful observation, measurement, and statistical
analysis. The other leg deals with the question: How things should be,
on logical grounds? That question guides the first one. Science largely
consists of logical models that are tested with data. But social
sciences often fall into the trap of fitting raw data with a straight
line or some other format chosen on purely statistical grounds, unaware
of the need for quantitatively predictive logical models. Here I try to
change the methodological emphasis in social sciences in a major way,
based on my Making Social Sciences More Scientific (Oxford UP 2008) and
Logical Models and Basic Numeracy in Social Sciences: